Today there seems to be a lot of confusion with these two items. Many privileges are being called rights and many rights are being called privileges. It is an ongoing cascade of misinformation that is part of the down slide of our society and culture.
A right is essential while a privilege is a benefit. Also if you don’t need permission then it is a right. Privileges can be revoked at any time. To loose a right requires just cause and due process.
Many today talk about the so-called rights to free education, free health care, marriage equality, and the list goes on and on. None of these are rights at all. They would all require the permission of someone else. You would have to get free health care with the providers permission to give it to you. You still need permission of at least the intended spouse to be married. Free education would need an educator granting their knowledge without any compensation for it or their time. So no these are not rights at all.
Our Constitution and the Declaration of Independence tell us of many of our rights. We have the right to Life, and Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness. This is not the right to BE happy by any means. And your right to Life and Liberty cannot be taken away without just cause and due process. You do not have the right to anything that involves money. Rights cannot be bought or sold.
The foundation of government is to PROTECT our individual rights. Not to provide them. If government is providing something, it is not a right. Then it is a privilege that the government is capable of removing with a stroke of a pen.
I heard a case several years ago where the defendant was on the stand and stated he was invoking his 5th Amendment privilege. I screamed that it wasn’t a privilege. The 5th Amendment is a RIGHT. We do have the right not to incriminate ourselves. A clear case where a right is being mistaken for a privilege.
So you do not have the right to a job. You do not have the right to free stuff. You do not have the right to be happy. You do not have the right to marry anyone, opposite sex or otherwise. You do not have the right to have a high wage. All these things must be earned through hard work, dedication, sacrifice, and/or cooperation with others.