Starship design in most science-fiction doesn’t make a lot of sense. This is true across most science-fiction franchises. Star Wars, Star Trek, the original Battlestar Galactica, and many others.
The design problem is the placement of the bridge. In many of these starships the bridge is located behind a glass window looking out into space. And it is located at the front and center of the ship.
This makes the bridge an easy target during combat. It’s not well protected and it sticks out like a sore thumb.
The bridge dome at the top of every Federation starship’s saucer shaped primary hull. The front windows of the bridge of the Battlestar Galactica in the original series was shattered more times that I can count in battle. And the bridge at the top tower of an Imperial Star Destroyer of the Galactic Empire in Star Wars.
These are all advanced civilizations but they don’t protect the nerve center of their warships. At least this was corrected in the reimaged Battlestar Galactica series as it was within the hull and well protected. It used sensors and small craft to view what was happening outside instead of a glass window.
Having the bridge exposed is just a bad design. In any of these stories I would target the bridge location in every engagement. Concentrated firepower would get through any energy shields and completely disable any ship targeted.